The overall situation of international arms transfers
(2009 --2013 five-year)
Overall, by the end of 2013, the world's arms exports, top 5 ranking did not change significantly, the United States, Russia and Germany remained the top three global arms exports; China has to catch up with Britain, France, for two consecutive years in the top 5. Developing countries in Asia, Africa, Latin America and other regions have been expanding arms imports, but imports are no longer include the top 5 countries in Asia, the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia with a generous amount of orders among the five former weapons imports.
5 strong arms exports
2009 to 2013, total global arms exports rose more than 14 percent from 2004 to 2008, before exporting countries ranked in the order of 5 United States, Russia, Germany, China and France, exports accounted for 74 per cent of global arms exports.
Among them, the US arms exports increased by 11%, mainly exporting countries are: Australia (10%), South Korea (10 percent), United Arab Emirates (9%). US arms exports are mainly aircraft (61% of US arms exports), of which 252 fighters. With the advance of US aircraft exports will F-35 program and to continue to expand, Australia, Israel, Italy, Japan, Korea, etc. have plans to purchase F-35.
Russian arms exports increased by 28%, mainly exporting countries are: India (38%), China (12%), Algeria (11%). Russia is a major arms exports ships (accounting for 27% of global ship market) and aircraft (accounting for 43% of Russian arms exports).
German arms exports down 24%, mainly exporting countries: the United States (10%), Greece (8%), Israel (8%). Germany is the world's largest exporter of submarines were exported to five countries, eight submarines, to the end of 2013, the German submarine received a total of 23 orders; at the same time, Germany is second only to the second largest exporter of Russian tanks, a total of the seven countries exported 650 tanks.
China arms exports increased by 212 percent, ranked No. 4, accounting for 6 percent of global arms exports. The main exporting countries are: Pakistan (47 percent), Bangladesh (13%), Myanmar (12%).
French arms exports declined by 30%, mainly exporters are: China (13%), Morocco (11%) and Singapore (10%).
5 strong arms imports
2009 to 2013, the top five largest arms importers were India, China, Pakistan, the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia, accounting for 32 per cent of global arms imports. Among them, India continues to maintain the country's position in the world's largest arms importer, imports accounted for 14% of total world arms arms imports, compared with 2004 to 2008, its share of global arms imports doubled market share, nearly three times about China and Pakistan. India is a major importer of Russian, imported equipment is the main sea, air force equipment, including "Su -30MKI", "MiG -29K / KUB" aircraft carrier, "m -17" V-5 helicopters, nuclear submarines, 11356M-class frigates. 2009 to 2013, Saudi Arabia and the UAE are also among the world's top five arms-importing countries, the major arms-importing countries: the United States and Britain, France and other European countries.
Imports and Exports by Region
2009 to 2013, the world's largest arms importer in Asia and Oceania (47%), far ahead of the Middle East (19 percent), Europe (14%), the Americas (10%) and Africa (9%), mainly case:
The world's third largest arms importing countries in Asia, India has for four consecutive years to maintain the status of the world's largest arms importer, compared with 2004 to 2008, nearly five years, arms imports increased by 111%, Pakistan grew by 119%, two States focus on improving air capabilities, importing large quantities of each type of aircraft; Southeast Asian countries mainly import equipment for the submarine and maritime defense of the area for denial System, such as: in 2013 Vietnam imported 6 636 in the first boat submarine, India imported French licensed production of six submarines, Singapore imported Swedish production of two submarines to the German Order of the two, in addition, Thailand, Myanmar and the Philippines also plans to purchase submarines.
On the one hand, the traditional European arms exports overall decline in the share of major powers, Britain, France completely overtake China, Germany, although maintaining a position in the world's third largest exporter, but exports fell by 24 percent, the gap with China is further reduced. On the other hand, there are still seven strong arms exports top 10 European countries, Ukraine and Spain, Italy tied for seventh, accounting for the share was 3%. But it is worth noting that in some countries due to the territorial disputes and other reasons, the import of arms contrarian, such as Azerbaijan, weapons imports rose 378%, at least 80% of the equipment purchased from Russia.
Middle East arms imports share increased slightly, UAE, Saudi Arabia and other equipment importer contributed. Among them, the UAE accounted for 22 percent of the region equipment imports accounted for 20% of Saudi Arabia, the two countries have focused on imports of missiles and airborne-guided bombs, such as the reception or on the order of thousands of its guided bombs from the United States, Saudi Arabia has received from the United Kingdom Thousands of pieces of "Feng Ying" cruise missiles. In addition, the United States delivered to Turkey 48 AGM-84H cruise missiles.
Americas arms imports share growth of 10%, but its share of the global arms import market declined slightly. Venezuela is the largest and the world's 17th largest importer of conventional weapons in South America; Brazil by economic constraints, equipment procurement rate is gradually slowing, but 2013 still from Sweden imported $ 4.8 billion worth of 36 JAS-39 fighter planes from Italy Iveco get licensed production of "Guarani" armored vehicles, spent $ 3.6 billion.